American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics


AIAA G-095  Guide to Safety of Hydrogen and Hydrogen Systems




American Society of Mechanical Engineers


ASME B31 Series  Piping and Pipelines

ASME B31.12  Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines

ASME STP-PT-006  Design Guidelines for Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines

ASME BPVC  Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code

ASME BPVC Section XII  Transportation Tanks

ASME PTC 50  Performance Test Code for Fuel Cell Power System Performance



ASTM International - Committee D03 Gaseous Fuels / D03.14 Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

ASTM D1945-14 (2019) Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography (note: Developed by D03.07 subcommittee; being used

to measure helium in hydrogen)


ASTM D7550-09 (Withdrawn 2017) Standard Test Method Standard for

Determination of Ammonium, Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals in Hydrogen

and Other Cell Feed gases by Ion Chromatography


ASTM D7606-17 Standard Practice for Sampling of High Pressure Hydrogen and Related Fuel Cell Feed Gases


ASTM D7634-10 (2017) Standard Test Method for Visualizing Particulate Sizes and Morphology of Particles Contained in Hydrogen Fuel by Microscopy


ASTM D7649-19 Standard Test Method for Determination of Trace Carbon Dioxide, Argon, Nitrogen, Oxygen and Water in Hydrogen Fuel by Jet Pulse Injection and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometer Analysis


ASTM D7650-13 Standard Test Method for Test Method for Sampling of Particulate Matter in High Pressure Hydrogen used as a Gaseous Fuel with an In-Stream Filter


ASTM D7651-17 Standard Test Method for Gravimetric Measurement of Particulate Concentration of Hydrogen Fuel


ASTM D7652-11 (Withdrawn 2020) Standard Test Method for Determination of Trace Hydrogen Sulfide, Carbonyl Sulfide, Methyl Mercaptan, Carbon Disulfide and Total Sulfur in Hydrogen Fuel by Gas Chromatography and Sulfur Chemiluminescence Detection


ASTM D7653-18 Standard Test Method for Determination of Trace Gaseous Contaminants in Hydrogen Fuel by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy


ASTM D7675-15 - Standard Test Method for Test Method for the Determination of Total Hydrocarbons in Hydrogen by FID Based Total Hydrocarbon (THC) Analyzer


ASTM D7676-18 Standard Practice for Screening Organic Halides Contained in Hydrogen or Other Gaseous Fuels


ASTM D7892-15 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Organic Halides, Total Non-Methane Hydrocarbons and Formaldehyde in Hydrogen Fuel by Gas Chromatography (GC) and Mass Spectrometry (MS)


ASTM D7941/7941M-14 - Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Purity Analysis Using a Continuous Wave Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy Analyzer





ASTM International - Committee D32 Catalysts / D32.01 Physical-Chemical Properties


ASTM WK17123 Test Method for Carbon Monoxide Chemisorption on Supported Platinum on Alumina Catalysts Using Dynamic Flow Method



ASTM International - Committee F07 Aerospace & Aircraft / F07.04 Hydrogen Embrittlement


ASTM F326-17  Standard Test Method for Electronic Measurement for Hydrogen Embrittlement/Coating from Cadmium-Electroplating Processes

ASTM F519-18  Standard Test Method for Mechanical Hydrogen Embrittlement Evaluation of Plating/Coating Processes and Service Environments

ASTM F1113-87 (2017)  Standard Test Method for Electrochemical Measurement of Diffusible Hydrogen in Steel

ASTM F1459-06 (2017) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Susceptibility of Metallic Materials to Hydrogen Gas Embrittlement

ASTM F1624-12 (2018) Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hydrogen Embrittlement Threshold in Steel by the Incremental Step Loading Technique

ASTM F2078-15  Standard Terminology Relating to Hydrogen Embrittlement Testing


 ASTM International - Committee F38 Unmanned Aircraft Systems / F38.01 Airworthiness

ASTM WK 60937 Design of Fuel Cells for Use in Unmanned Aircraft Systems




Canada - Federal Regulations


Classification 2.1  Hydrogen in a Metal Hydride Storage System (classification for packaging)



Canadian National Standards


CAN/BNQ 1784-000  Canadian Hydrogen Installation Code

CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 62282-2-2018  Fuel Cell Technologies-Part 2: Fuel Cell Modules

CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 62282-3-100:21  Fuel Cell Technologies-Part 3: Fuel Cells Power Systems Safety

CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 22734 Hydrogen Generators Using Water Electrolysis Industrial, Commercial, and Residential Applications

 CAN/CSA-IEC 62282-5  Fuel Cell Technologies-Part 5: Portable Fuel Cell Appliances



Compressed Gas Association



CGA Publication C6.4  Methods for External Visual Inspection of Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Hydrogen Vehicle (HV) Fuel Containers and Their Installation

CGA Publication C21  Design, Qualification and Testing for Pressure Vessels for Portable, Reversible Metal Hydride Systems

CGA Publication G5  Hydrogen

CGA Publication G5.3  Hydrogen Product Standard

CGA Publication G5.4  Hydrogen Piping Systems at Consumer Sites

CGA Publication G5.5  Hydrogen Vent Systems

CGA Publication G5.6  Hydrogen Pipeline Systems

CGA Publication H1  Service Conditions for Portable, Reversible Metal Hydride Systems

CGA Publication H2  Guidelines for the Classification and Labeling of Hydrogen Systems with Hydrogen Absorbed in Reversible Metal Hydrides

CGA Publication H3  Cryogenic Hydrogen Storage

CGA Publication H4  Terminology Associated with Hydrogen Fuel Technologies

CGA Publication H5  Installation Standard for Bulk Hydrogen Supply Systems

CGA Publication H10 Combustion Safety for Steam Reformer Operation

CGA Publication H11 Mechanical Integrity of Syngas Outlet Systems

CGA Publication H12 Safe Startup and Shutdown Practices for Steam Reformers

CGA Publication H13 Safe Startup and Shutdown Practices for Steam Reformers Hydrogen Pressure Swing Adsorber (PSA) Mechanical Integrity Requirements

CGA Publication H14 HYCO Plant Gas Leak Detection and Response Practices

CGA Publication H15 Safe Catalyst Handling in HYCO Plants

CGA Publication Hxxxx Small Scale Hydrogen Production and Delivery

CGA Publication P6  Standard Density Data, Atmospheric Gases and Hydrogen

CGA Publication P12  Safe Handling of Cryogenic Liquids

CGA Publication P28  Risk Management Plan Guidance Document for Bulk Liquid Hydrogen Systems

CGA Publication P41 Locating Bulk Liquid Storage Systems in Courts

CGA Publication PS31  Cleanliness for PEM Hydrogen Piping/Components

CGA Publication PS33  Use of LPG or Propane Tank as Compressed Hydrogen Storage Buffers

CGA Publication PS46 Position Statement - Roofs Over Hydrogen Storage Systems

CGA Publication PS48 CGA Position Statement on Clarification of Existing Hydrogen Setback Distances And Development Of New Hydrogen Setback Distances In NFPA 55

CSA America


ANSI/CSA CHMC 1 Test Method for Evaluating Material Compatibility in Compressed Hydrogen Applications Phase I Metals

ANSI/CSA CHMC 2 Test Method for Evaluating Material Compatibility in Compressed Hydrogen Applications Phase 2 - Polymers

ANSI/CSA FC1  Fuel Cell Power Systems

ANSI/CSA FC3  Portable Fuel Cell Power Systems

CSA FC4 Hydrogen Generators Using Water Electrolysis - Industrial, Commercial and Residential Applications

ANSI/CSA FC5  Hydrogen Generators Using Fuel Processing Technologies Part 1: Safety (United States & Canada)


ANSI/CSA FC6 Fuel Cell Modules

ANSI/CSA HGV Standards for Hydrogen Vehicle Fuel Containers

ANSI/CSA HGV3.1  Fuel System Components for Hydrogen Gas Powered Vehicles

CSA HGV 4 Series for Fuel Dispensing Equipment and Components

ANSI/CSA HGV 4.1   Hydrogen Dispensers
2 Hose and Hose Assemblies for Hydrogen Vehicles and Dispensing Systems
ANSI/CSA HGV 4.3   Fueling Parameters for Hydrogen
Dispensing System
ANSI/CSA HGV 4.4   Gaseous Hydrogen Fueling Stations Valves

ANSI/CSA HGV 4.5 Priority and Sequencing Equipment for Gaseous Hydrogen Dispensing Systems
ANSI/CSA HGV 4.6   Manually Operated Valves Used in Gaseous Hydrogen Vehicle Fueling Stations
(superseded by HGV 4.4:21)
ANSI/CSA HGV 4.7   Automatic Pressure Operated Valves for Use in Gaseous Hydrogen Vehicle Fueling Stations
(superseded by HGV 4.4:21)
ANSI/CSA HGV 4.8 Hydrogen Gas Vehicle Fueling Stations Compressor
Fueling System Guideline
ANSI/CSA HGV 4.10 Performance of Fittings for Compressed Hydrogen Gas and Hydrogen Rich Gas Mixtures  


CSA HGV19880-3 Gaseous Hydrogen Fueling stations - Valves

CSA HPRD1  Basic Requirements for Pressure Relief Devices for Compressed Hydrogen Vehicle Fuel Containers

CSA HPIT1 Compressed Hydrogen Powered Industrial Truck (forklifts) On-board Fuel Storage and Handling Components

CSA HPIT2 Dispensing systems and components for fueling hydrogen powered industrial trucks

CSA SPE 2.3.1 Best practices for defueling, decommissioning, and disposal of compressed hydrogen gas vehicle fuel containers






Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers


IEEE 1547  Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems

IEEE 1547.1 Standard for Conformance Test Procedures for Equipment Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems

IEEE 1547.2  Application Guide for IEEE 1547 Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems

IEEE 1547.3  Guide for Monitoring, Information Exchange, and Control of Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems

IEEE 1547.4  Guide for Design, Operation and Integration of Distributed Resources Island Systems with Electric Power Systems

IEEE 1547.6  Recommended Practice for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems Distribution Secondary Networks

IEEE 1547.7  Guide to Conducting Distribution Impact Studies for Distributed Resource Interconnection

IEEE P1547.8 Recommended Practices for Establishing Methods and Procedures that Provide Supplemental Support for Implementation
Strategies for Expanded Use of IEEE Standards 1547

IEEE P1547.9 Guide to Using IEEE Standard 1547 for Interconnection of Energy Storage Distributed Energy Resources with Electric Power Systems

IEEE Standards Coordinating Committee 21 (SCC21)  Fuel Cells, Photovoltaics, Dispersed Generation and Energy Storage  Coordinating committee



International Society of Automation


(previously Instrument Society of America)


ANSI/ISA-60079-29-1 (12.13.01) - 2013  Explosive Atmospheres Part 29-1: Gas detectors - Performance requirements of detectors for flammable gases (United States)






National Fire Protection Association


NFPA 2  Hydrogen Technologies Code

NFPA 55  Storage, Use and Handling of Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids in Portable in Portable and Stationary Containers, Cylinders and Tanks

NFPA 70 Article 692  National Electrical Code - Fuel Cell Systems

NFPA 110 Appendix A-3-1.4  Emergency and Standby Power Systems

NFPA 853  Installation of Stationary Fuel Cell Power Plants

NFPA 855 Standard for the Installation of Stationary Energy Storage System



Society of Automotive Engineers Aerospace Electrical Power & Equipment

SAE AIR 6464 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Aircraft Fuel Cell Safety Guidelines

SAE AS 6865 Installation of Fuel Cell Systems in Large Civil Aircraft


Society of Automotive Engineers - Fuel Cell Standards Committee


Working Group on Emissions and Fuel Consumption


SAE J 2572  Recommended Practice for Measuring the Exhaust Emissions, Energy Consumption and Range of Fuel Cell Powered Electric Vehicles using Compressed Gaseous Hydrogen

SAE J 3202 Recommended Practice for Measuring and Simulating Fuel Consumption and Range of Heavy-Duty Fuel Cell Hybrid Road Vehicles Fueled by Compressed Gaseous Hydrogen


Society of Automotive Engineers - Interface Working Group


SAE J 2600  Compressed Hydrogen Vehicle Fueling Connection Devices

SAE J2601 Fueling Protocols for Light Duty Gaseous Hydrogen Surface Vehicle

SAE J 2601/2  Fueling Protocols for Heavy Duty Gaseous Hydrogen Surface Vehicles (buses)

SAE J 2601/3  Fueling Protocols for Gaseous Hydrogen Powered Industrial Trucks (forklifts)

SAE J 2601/4  Ambient Temperature Fixed Orifice Fueling

SAE J 2719  Hydrogen Fuel Quality for Fuel Cell Vehicles

SAE J2719/1 Application Guideline for Use of Hydrogen Fuel Quality Specification

SAE J 2799  70 MPa Compressed Hydrogen Surface Vehicle Refueling Connection Device and Optional vehicle to Station Communication

SAE J 3219 Hydrogen Fuel Quality Screening Test of Chemicals for Fuel Cell Vehicles



Society of Automotive Engineers - Performance Working Group


SAE J 2615  Performance Test Procedure of Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Applications

SAE J 2616  Performance Test Procedure of Fuel Processor Subsystem of Automotive Fuel Cell System

SAE J 2617  Performance Test Procedure of PEM Fuel Cell Stack Subsystem for Automotive Application


Society of Automotive Engineers - Recyclability Working Group


SAE J 2594  Design for Recycling Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell Systems


Society of Automotive Engineers - Safety Working Group


SAE J 1766  Recommended Practice for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Systems Crash Integrity Testing

SAE J 2578  Recommended Practice for General Fuel Cell Vehicle Safety

SAE J 2579  Standard for Fuel Systems in Fuel Cell and Other Hydrogen Vehicles

SAE J 2760  Pressure Terminology Used in Fuel Cells and Other Hydrogen Vehicle Applications

SAE J 2990/1- Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicle First and Second Responder Recommended Practice

SAE J 3089  Technical Information Report (TIR) for Vehicular Hydrogen Sensor Test Method 



Society of Automotive Engineers - Terminology Working Group


SAE J 2574  Information Report - Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Terminology



State Interconnect Standards / Net Metering Regulations

All 50 states


State Emission Regulations




State Hydrogen Fuel Standards Regulations




State Hydrogen Storage & Handling / Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Permitting Regulations


California  Hydrogen Station Permitting Guidebook


South Carolina



Underwriters Laboratories


UL 1741  Standard for Inverters, Converters, Controllers and Interconnection System Equipment for Use with Distributed Energy Resources

UL 2075  Gas and Vapor Detectors and Sensors

UL 2262 Fuel Cell Modules for Use in Portable and Stationary Equipment

UL 2262A Borohydride Fuel Cartridges with Integral Fuel Processing for Use with Portable Fuel Cell Power Systems or Similar equipment

Outline of Investigation UL Subject 2264 A Water Electrolysis Type Hydrogen Generators

Outline of Investigation UL Subject 2264 B  Gaseous Hydrogen Generation Appliances using Water Reaction

Outline of Investigation UL Subject 2264 D  Portable Water Electrolysis Type Hydrogen Generations

Outline of Investigation UL Subject 2265 A  Micro Fuel Cell Power Systems Using Direct

Methanol Fuel Cell Technology

Outline of Investigation UL Subject 2265 C  Hand-Held or Hand-Transportable Alkaline (Direct Borohydride) Fuel Cell Power Units And Borohydride Fuel Cartridges For Use With Consumer Electronics or Information Technology Equipment

UL 2267  Fuel Cell Power Systems for Installation in Industrial Trucks




United States Federal Government


US Department of Commerce (NIST) Hydrogen Gas - Measuring Devices


US Department of Commerce (NIST) Uniform Fuels and Automotive Lubricants

Regulations Retail Sales of Hydrogen Fuel Standard Specification


US Department of Commerce (NIST) Uniform Regulations - Retail Sales of Hydrogen



US Department of Energy  Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Permitting Guide

Module 1: Permitting Stationary Fuel Cell Installations

Module 2: Permitting Hydrogen Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities

US Department of Energy  Hydrogen Fuel Quality Specifications for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells in Road Vehicles

US Department of Labor; OSHA 29 CFR1910.103  Hydrogen

US Department of Transportation  Transport of Micro Fuel Cells on Passenger Aircraft