China

Fuel Cell Standards

 


Identification

GB/T 20042.1-2017
Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

Part 1:  Terminology

 

 Scope

This part defines the terms and definitions used for proton exchange membrane fuel cell technology and its application field.
This part applies to various types of proton exchange membrane fuel cells.

Status

Published. Available from www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 


Identification

GB/T 20042.2-2008
Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

Part 2:  General technical specification of fuel cell stacks

Scope

Basic requirements for safety and performance of         PEM fuel cell stacks. Requirements of type tests, routine tests, acceptance test programs, test methods as well as markings and instructions

Status

Published. Available from www.standards.net.cn/ or  http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 

A revision project (20193071-T-604) was started in October 2019 with an expected completion in 24 months.


Identification

GB/T 20042.3-2022
Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

Part 3: Test method for proton exchange membrane

Scope

Various types of proton exchange membrane.  Terminology and definitions of proton exchange membrane test methods for PEM fuel cells.  Thickness uniformity test, proton conductivity test, ion exchange equivalent test, permeability test, tensile test, swelling test and water absorption rate test.

Status

Published. Available from www.standards.net.cn/ or  http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 

The initial 2009 edition was revised in 2022.


Identification

GB/T 20042.4-2009
Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

Part 4: Test method for electrocatalysts

 

Scope

Terminology and definitions of electrocatalyst test methods for PEM fuel cells. Platinum content of the test, the electrochemical activity of the test area, surface area, pore volume, pore size distribution test, morphology and size distribution test, the crystal structure test, the catalyst bulk density, and single cell polarization curve test.

Status

Published. Available from www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/T 20042.5-2009
Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

Part 5: Test method for membrane electrode assembly

 

Scope

Terminology and definitions of MEA test methods for PEM fuel cells. Thickness uniformity test, Pt loading capacity test, single cell polarization curves, hydrogen permeation current density test, the activation over potential and ohmic polarization over potential polarization test, electrochemical active surface area test.   

Status

Published. Available from www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/T 20042.6-2011
Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

Part 6: Test method of bipolar plate properties

 

Scope

This part specifies test procedures of materials of bipolar plate, such as, gas tightness, density, flexural strength and resistance, corrosion current density and components of bipolar plate, such as, gas tightness, resistant drop, area utilization, thickness uniformity, flatness, mass, and resistance.

 

This standard applies to polymer electrolyte fuel cell.

 

A revision project (20214772-T-604) is in progress.

 

Status

Published. Available from www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/T 20042.7-2014
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells

Part 7: Test methods of carbon paper properties

 

Scope

This part of GB/T 20042 provides test methods for PEMFC carbon paper properties.

 

Test items include thickness uniformity, resistance, mechanical strength, gas permeability, porosity, bulk density, area density, surface roughness.

 

Status

Published. Available at www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/Z 21742-2008
Portable Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Power Systems

 

Scope

For a.c. and d.c. type portable fuel cell systems (not for road vehicles).  The following fuels and fuel feedstocks are within the scope of this standard: 1) hydrogen, 2) natural gas, 3) liquefied petroleum, such as, propane and butane, 4) liquid alcohols such as methanol and ethanol, 5) gasoline, 6) diesel, 7) kerosene, 8) metals, such as Zn or Al, or 9) chemical hydrides.


Identification

GB/Z 21743-2008
Performance test methods of fixed PEM fuel cell power

generation system (independent type)

 

 

Scope

Status

Published. Available from www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/T 23645-2009
Test methods of fuel cell power system for passenger cars

 

Scope

Terminology and definitions, accuracy of the test instrumentation, preparation for test, test condition and performance test methods of fuel cell power system for passenger cars.

Status

Published. Available from www.standards.net.cn/


 

Identification

GB/T 23646-2009
Fuel Cell Generation System for Electric Bicycles -Technical specifications

 

Scope

This standard specifies the terms and definitions, technical parameters, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules, signs and descriptions of the fuel cell power generation system for electric bicycles

Status

Published. Available from www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/T 23751.1-2009
Micro Fuel Cell Power System – Part 1: Safety

 

Scope

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Status

This consumer safety standard, adapter from IEC 62282 series, covers micro fuel cell power systems, micro fuel cell power units and fuel cartridges that are wearable or easily carried by hand, providing d.c. outputs that do not exceed 60V d.c. and power outputs that do not exceed 240 VA. Portable fuel cell power systems that provide output levels that exceed these electrical limits are covered by IEC 62282-5-1.

Adaptation of IEC 62282-6-100: 2007.

Published. Available from www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/Z 23751.2 - 2017
Micro fuel cell power system – Part 2: Performance
test method

 

Scope

Adaptation of IEC 62282-6-200:2012

Status

Published 2017. Implemented February 2018 Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/


Identification

GB/Z 23751.3 - 2013
Micro fuel cell power system – Part 3: Fuel cartridge interchangeability

 

Scope

Adaptation of IEC 62282-6-300: 2009 without any change.

Status

Published 2013. Available at www.standards.net.cn/

 

A revision project (20214765-T-604) is in progress.

 

 


Identification

GB/T 24554 - 2019
Performance test methods for fuel cell engines

Scope

This Standard specifies the test methods for starting characteristics, steady-state characteristics, dynamic response characteristics, air tightness, and insulation resistance etc. of the fuel cell engine.
This Standard is applicable to the vehicles with proton exchange membrane fuel cell engines.


Status

Published 2019. Available at www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/T 34872-2017
Te
chnical requirements for hydrogen supply systems for PEM fuel cells

 

Scope

This Standard specifies system classification, technical requirements, test methods, identification, packaging and transportation for hydrogen supply system for proton
exchange membrane fuel cells (hereinafter referred to as "fuel cell hydrogen supply system" or "hydrogen supply system").
This Standard is applicable to the system in which proton exchange membrane fuel cells provide hydrogen.

 

Status

Published 2017. Available at www.standards.net.cn/

 


Identification

GB/T 25319-2010

Fuel cell test system used for motor vehicles – Technical specification

 

Scope

This standard specifies terms and symbols, requirement, test method, verification rules and test report of polymer electrolyte fuel cell power system for motor vehicles.

This standard applies to polymer electrolyte fuel cell power system for motor vehicles.

 

Status

Published.  Available at www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/T 26990-2011

Fuel cell electric vehicles -- Onboard hydrogen system – Specifications

 

Scope

This Standard specifies the technical conditions of on-board hydrogen system of fuel cell electric vehicles.
This Standard is applicable to fuel cell electric vehicles with compressed hydrogen, and working pressure does not exceed 35 MPa under 15°C ambient temperature.

 

Status

Published.  Available at www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/T 26991-2011

Fuel cell electric vehicles - Maximum speed test method

Scope

This Standard specifies maximum speed test method of fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle.
This Standard is applicable to fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle which uses compressed hydrogen (FCHEV).

 

Status

Published.  Available at www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/T 27748.1-2017

Stationary fuel cell generation power system – Part 1

Safety

Scope

Adaptation of IEC 62282-3-100:2012

Status

Published July 2017. Implemented February 2018.

Available at www.standards.net.cn/  or http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 


Identification

GB/T 27748.2-2022
Stationary fuel cell power system – P
art 2: Performance test methods

 

Scope

Adaptation of IEC 62282-3-200:2011 without any change

Status

Published 2013. Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 

The initial 2013 edition was revised in 2022.


Identification

GB/T 27748.3-2017
Stationary fuel cell power system – P
art 3: Installation

 

Scope

Adaptation of IEC 62282-3-300:2012

Status

Published September 2017. Implemented April 2018.

Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 


Identification

GB/T 27748.4-2017
Stationary fuel cell power generation system – P
art 4:  Small fuel cell power generation system – Performance

test method              

Scope

Adaptation of IEC 62282-3-201:2013

Status

Published  July 2017. Implemented February 2018.

 

Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 


Identification

GB/Z 27753-2011
Test Method for Adaptability to Operating Conditions of Membrane Electrode Assembly Used in PEM Fuel Cells

Scope

This technical document specifies terms and definitions, boundary conditions, environmental conditions for test, test preparation and test report.

 

This technical document applies to membrane electrode which is corresponding to performance requirements proposed by testing organization. Active area of the testing single electrode is 5 cm ×5 cm. The corresponding relations between acceleration test and real life is not in consideration.

 

Status

Published. Available from www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/T 28183-2011
Test methods of fuel cell power system for bus

Scope

This standard provides technical requirement, test items of fuel cell power system, test procedures and methods.

 

Test items in this standard include tightness, start-up at room temperature, performance, insulating properties and mass.

 

This standard applies to proton exchange membrane fuel cell system for bus.

 

Status

Published. Available from www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/T 28816-2022

Fuel Cells – Terminology

Scope

Adaptation of international standard, IEC/TS 62282-1:2010.

Status

Published 2012. Available from www.standards.net/cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 

The initial 2012 edition was revised in 2022.

 


Identification

GB/T 28817-2022

Single cell test methods for polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFC)

Scope

Adaptation of international standard, IEC 62282-7-1:2010.

Status

Published 2012. Available from www.standards.net/cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 

The initial 2012 edition was revised in 2022.

 


Identification

GB/T 29123-2012

Specifications for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in demonstration

Scope

This Standard specifies the terms and definitions of compressed hydrogen fuel cell vehicles for demonstration, basic conditions for demonstration, damage prevention during operation and starting, parking and storage of vehicles, hydrogen refueling and management plans and training of accidents, and driving, and so on.
This Standard applies to compressed hydrogen fuel cell vehicles for demonstration (hereinafter referred to as vehicles) on a designated road, whose hydrogen system’s rated working pressure is not greater than 35 MPa.

 

Status

Published 2012. Available from www.standards.net/cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 


Identification

GB/T 29124-2012

Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles facilities for demonstration specifications

 

Scope

This Standard specifies the terms and definitions of compressed hydrogen fuel cell vehicles facilities for demonstration, basic conditions for demonstration, basic requirements, hydrogen refueling stations (vehicles) and hydrogen refueling, and relevant specifications for parking lots and maintenance shops.
This Standard applies to hydrogen refueling stations, parking lots and maintenance shops for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles for demonstration (hereinafter referred to as vehicles) whose compressed hydrogen system’s rated working pressure is not greater than 35 MPa.

 

Status

Published 2012. Available from www.standards.net/cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 


Identification

GB/T 29126-2012

Fuel cell electric vehicles -- Onboard hydrogen system -- Test methods

 

Scope

This Standard specifies the test methods for onboard hydrogen system of fuel cell electric vehicles.
This Standard is applicable to fuel cell electric vehicles which use compressed hydrogen as fuel, of which the working pressure does not exceed 35 MPa when it works at 15°C of ambient temperature.

 

Status

Published 2012. Available from www.standards.net/cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 


Identification

GB/T 29838 - 2013
Fuel cell Modules

 

Scope

 

 

 

Status

Adaptation of IEC 62282-2:2012.  The only change is in Chapter 5 (Type test). adding dielectric test (Static) after 5.9 Dielectric Strength Test.

 

Published 2013. Available at www.standards.net.cn/

A revision (20213093-T-604) is in progress.


Identification

GB/T 29840 - 2013
Terminology of all vanadium flow battery 

Scope

.

Status

 

Published 2013. Available at www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/T 30084 - 2013
Portable fuel cell power system – Safety

 

Scope

Adaptation of IEC 62282-5-1:2012 without any change

Status

Published 2013. Available at www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/T 31035-2014
Test methods for proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack at subzero environment

 

Scope

This standard provides general safety requirement, test condition, measurement instrument, routine test before subzero test and test methods at subzero condition including test report.

 

This standard applies to the test of proton membrane fuel cell stack storage, start, and performance at subzero condition.

 

Status

Published. Available at www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/T 31036-2014
Proton exchange membrane fuel cell backup power system: Safety

 

Scope

This standard provides definition and terminology, safety requirement, type test, marking, labeling, and packaging related to proton exchange membrane fuel cell system for backup power supply.

 

This standard applies to proton exchange membrane fuel cell backup power systems that:

·         Provide AC or DC output

·         Using hydrogen and air as reactants

 

This standard does not cover safety requirements for location of installation.

 

Status

Published. Available at www.standards.net.cn/


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Identification

GB/T 31886.1-2015
Test method about the influence of gaseous contaminant in air on performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cells - Part 1: Gaseous contaminant(s) in air

 

Scope

This standard provides single cell performance test method for proton exchange membrane fuel cell before and after using SO2, NOX as contaminant in air.

 

This standard applies to the concentration of contaminant not less than 1 µ L/L

 

Status

Published. Available at www.standards.net.cn/


Identification

GB/T 31886.2-2015
Test method about the influence of gaseous contaminant in the fuel hydrogen on the performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cells - Part 2: Gaseous contaminant(s) in hydrogen

 

Scope

This standard provides single cell performance test method for proton exchange fuel cell before and after using CO as contaminant in hydrogen.

 

This standard applies to the concentration of contaminant not less than 1 µ L/L

 


Identification

GB/T 32509-2016
General technical conditions of all vanadium flow battery

 

Scope

This standard specifies the technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules, signs, instructions for use, packaging, transportation and storage of full flow battery systems (hereinafter referred to as battery systems). This standard applies to full flow battery systems of various specifications.

 

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Published 2016. Implemented September 2016.

 

A revision project (20201499-T-604) was started 2020 with an expected completion in 30 months.

 

Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 

 

GB/T 33339-2016
Test method for all-vanadium flow battery

This Standard specifies the terms and definitions, test items, test preparation, test conditions, measuring instruments and test methods for the testing of vanadium flow battery system (hereinafter referred to as battery system).
This Standard applies to battery systems of all scales and applications.
This Standard does not include electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) test.

 

Published 2016. Implemented July 2017.

 

Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 

 

GB/T 34866-2017

Safety requirements for all vanadium flow batteries

 

This standard specifies the safety performance requirements of the all-vanadium flow battery system (hereinafter referred to as the battery system) to ensure that the battery system is in normal operation. Use and work safely under reasonable and reasonably foreseeable misuse.
This standard applies to battery systems used in non-hazardous (not classified) indoor or outdoor areas.
The hazards specified in this standard are limited to possible personal injury or damage to the outside of the battery system.
The hazards specified in this standard do not include the hazards to the battery system itself.

 

Published 2017. Implemented May 2018.

 

Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 


Identification

GB/T 33978-2017
P
roton exchange membrane fuel cell module for road vehicles

 

Scope

This Standard specifies the requirements, test equipment, test methods, inspection rules and marking, packaging, transportation and storage, etc. for proton exchange membrane fuel cell modules for road vehicles.
This Standard applies to proton exchange membrane fuel cell modules for road vehicles.

Status

Published September 2017. Implemented February 2018.

 

Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/


Identification

GB/T 33979-2017
T
est method for low temperature characteristics of proton exchange membrane fuel cell power generation system

 

Scope

This Standard specifies, at low temperature environment (subzero), the general safety requirements, test conditions, test benches, routine tests before low temperature test, and low temperature test methods and test reports of proton
exchange membrane fuel cell power system.
This Standard is applicable to the storage test, startup test, working performance test of proton exchange membrane fuel cell power system at low temperature environment (subzero) that use air as oxidant.
This Part is applicable to the complete fuel cell power system.

Status

Published July 2017. Implemented February 2018.

 

Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/


Identification

GB/T 33983.1
D
irect methanol fuel cell system Part 1: Safety

 

Scope

For system output of less than 1000W.

Status

Published July 2017. Implemented February 2018.

 

Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/


Identification

GB/T 33983.2
D
irect methanol fuel cell system Part 2: Performance test method

 

Scope

This Part of GB/T 33983 specifies the test items and test methods in terms of power generation performance and environmental adaptability for direct methanol fuel cell systems, classifies the direct methanol fuel cell systems with different power grades
into Grade I and Grade II. For system output of less than 1000W.

Status

Published July 2017. Implemented February 2018.

 

Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/


Identification

GB/T 34582-2017
S
olid oxide fuel cell single cell and battery stack performance test method

 

Scope

 

This Standard specifies the safety technical regulations for hydrogen transmission, hydrogen production in station, hydrogen storage, compression, refueling and safety and fire protection and other aspects of hydrogen refueling stations for vehicles.
This Standard applies to the hydrogen refueling stations using all kinds of hydrogen supply methods, as well as two-station-combined or multiple-station-combined hydrogen refueling stations, such as hydrogen-oil refueling stations, hydrogen-gas
refueling stations and hydrogen refueling-charging stations.

 

Status

Published September 2017. Implemented April 2018.

 

Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/


Identification

GB/T 34593-2017
Test methods of hydrogen emission for fuel cell engine

 

Scope

 

This standard specifies test methods of hydrogen emission for vehicle fuel cell engines.
This standard applies to vehicle proton exchange membrane fuel cell engines.

 

Status

Published 2017.

 

Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/


Identification

 GB/T 36288-2018
Fuel cell electric vehicle fuel cell stack safety requirements

Scope

This Standard specifies the safety requirements for fuel cell stack for fuel cell electric vehicles in terms of hydrogen safety, electrical safety, and mechanical structure, etc.
This Standard applies to the proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack for vehicles. This Standard only deals with hazards to the outside of the human body and fuel cell stacks, and does not involve protection of the interior of the fuel cell stack, assuming that such internal damage does not pose a hazard to the outside of the fuel cell.

 

Status

Published June 2018. Implemented January 2019.

 

Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/


Identification

 GB/T 36544-2018
P
roton exchange membrane fuel cell power supply system for substation
 

 

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Status

Recently ratified, but not yet released

 

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GB/T 38914-2020

Vehicle PEM fuel cell stack service life – test evaluation method

Evaluation method for lifrtime of proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack in vehicle application

 

Published 2020.

 

Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 

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Identification

GB/T 38954-2020
Hydrogen fuel cell power generation system for drone

 

Scope

This standard specifies the general, technical, test and inspection, label, packaging, and transport requirements for fuel cell power systems for UAV.

 

This standard is applicable to fuel cell power systems that use compressed hydrogen as fuel to provide power and non-drive power for UAVs with an unloaded weight of no more than 116 kg and a maximum takeoff weight of not more than 150 kg.

 

Status

Published 2020.

 

Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/


Identification

GB/T 41134.1-2021

Fuel cell power generation system for electric-driven

Industrial vehicles Part 1: Safety

 

Scope

An adaptation of IEC 62282-4-101:2014.

Status

Published 2021.

 

Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/


Identification

GB/T 41134.2-2021

Fuel cell power generation system for electric-driven

Industrial vehicles Part 2: Performance test methods

 

Scope

An adaptation of IEC 62282-4-102:2017.

Status

.Published 2021.

 

Available at www.standards.net.cn/ or http://std.samr.gov.cn/

 


Identification

Plan No. 20201499-T-604

Design guide for Vanadium flow battery

 

Scope

 

Status

Implemented April 2020 with a 24-month schedule.

 


Identification

Plan No. 20202938-T-604

Reliability evaluation methods for Vanadium flow battery

 

Scope

 

Status

Implemented August 2020 with a 24-month schedule.

 


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