US Department of Energy
    Guide to Permitting Hydrogen Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities
     United States

Organization US Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

Identification Technical Report NREL/TP-5400-6042



The purpose of this guide is to assist project developers, permitting officials, code enforcement officials, and other parties involved in developing permit applications and approving the implementation of hydrogen motor fuel dispensing facilities. The guide facilitates the identification of:
The elements to be addressed in the permitting of a project as it progresses through the approval process
The specific requirements associated with those elements
The application (or potentially applicable) codes and standards by which to determine whether the specific requirements have been met.

In this guide, a hydrogen motor fuel dispensing facility is a service station for:

  1. Receiving hydrogen produced off-site and delivered to the station or producing hydrogen on-site
  2. Long-term storage of liquid hydrogen or compressed hydrogen gas or both
3. Dispensing hydrogen to fuel cell vehicles and vehicles with hydrogen-powered internal combustion engines. Such a facility is analogous to a gasoline service station but stores and dispenses hydrogen (instead of gasoline and diesel fuel) to cars, buses and trucks

The guide attempts to identify all applicable codes and standards relevant to the permitting requirements. Consequently, the codes and standards articulated include:
  • International Code Council (ICC)
  • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
  • American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
  • Compressed Gas Association (CGA)




Published March 2016. Available on NREL website