American Society for Testing and Materials



Identification Committee D03 Gaseous Fuels  
    Committee D03.14 on Hydrogen and Fuel Cells
Scope

The promotion of knowledge and the development of definitions, specifications, classifications, recommended practices, and  methods of sampling, analysis and testing related to gases used as commercial fuels included but not limited to natural gas, reformulated natural gas as hydrogen, fuel cell gases and other  miscellaneous gaseous fuels.

 


Identification ASTM D1945 - 03(2010)
    Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography
(note: Developed by D03.07 subcommittee; being used to measure helium in hydrogen)
Scope This test method covers the determination of the chemical composition of natural gases and similar gaseous mixtures within the range of composition shown in Table 1. This test method may be abbreviated for the analysis of lean natural gases containing negligible amounts of hexanes and higher hydrocarbons, or for the determination of one or more components, as required.
Status Published. Available from www.astm.org.

Identification ASTM D7550-09
    Standard Test Method for Determination of Ammonium, Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals in Hydrogen and Other
    Cell Feed Gases by Ion Chromatography

Scope

This test method describes a procedure for the determination of cations in hydrogen and other fuel cell feed gases. It has been successfully applied to other types of gaseous samples including air, engine exhaust, and landfill samples. An ion chromatograph/conductivity detector (IC/CD) system is used to determine cations. Sensitivity from low part per billion (ppb, μg/l, μg/kg) up to part per million (ppm, mg/l, mg/kg) concentration are achievable dependant on the amount of hydrogen or other fuel cell gas sampled. This test method can be applied to other gaseous samples requiring analysis of trace constituents provided an assessment of potential interferences has been accomplished.

Status Published. Available from www.astm.org.

Proposed revision, WK50597, includes references to D7650 and an expansion and proper formatting of the Terminology section.
Contact Raul Dominquez

Identification ASTM D7606 - 11
    Standard Practice for Sampling of High Pressure Hydrogen and Related Fuel Cell Feed Gases
Scope

This practice describes a hydrogen quality sampling apparatus (HQSA) and a procedure for the sampling of high pressure hydrogen at fueling nozzles of 35 or 70 Mega Pascal (MPa) fueling stations.

Status Published.  Available at www.astm.org/.

Under review, 2015.
Contact Julie Lee

Identification ASTM D7634 - 10
    Standard Test Method for Visualizing Particulate Sizes and Morphology of Particles Contained in Hydrogen Fuel
    by Microscopy
Scope

This test method is primarily intended for visualizing and measuring the sizes and morphology of particulates in hydrogen used as a fuel for fuel cell or internal combustion engine powered vehicles. This test method describes procedures required to obtain size and morphology data of known quality. This test method can be applied to other gaseous samples requiring determination of particulate sizes and morphology provided the user’s data quality objectives are satisfied.

Status Published. Available at www.astm.org/.

Under review, 2015.
Contact JP Hsu

Identification ASTM D7649-10
    Standard Test Method for Determination of Trace Carbon Dioxide, Argon,
Nitrogen, Oxygen and Water in Hydrogen Fuel by Jet Pulse Injection and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometer Analysis
Scope This test method describes a procedure primarily for the determination of carbon dioxide, argon, nitrogen, oxygen and water in high pressure fuel cell grade hydrogen
by gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer (GC/MS) with injection of sample at the same pressure as sample without pressure reduction, which is called “Jet Pulse
Injection”. The procedures described in this method were designed to measure carbon dioxide at 0.5micromole per mole (ppmv), Argon 1 ppmv, nitrogen 5 ppmv
and oxygen 2 ppmv and water 4 ppmv.


Status Published. Available from www.astm.org.

Undergoing Inter Laboratory Study (ILS) to establish precision, and verify that all
laboratories can use method for accurate results.

Inder review, 2015.
Contact JP Hsu

Identification ASTM D7650-13
    Standard Test Method for Test Method for Sampling of Particulate Matter in High Pressure Hydrogen used as
    a Gaseous Fuel with an In-Stream Filter
Scope This test method is primarily for sampling particulates in hydrogen fuel used in hydrogen fuel cell vehicles or gaseous hydrogen powered internal combustion vehicle engines up to pressures of 70 MPa (700 bars) using an in-stream filter. This test method describes sampling apparatus design, operating procedures, and quality control procedures required to obtain the stated levels of precision and accuracy.
Status Published. Available from www.astm.org.

Proposed revision, WK49110, includes minor revisions to incorporate reference to a sampling method and adding the term HQSA to the Terminology section.


Identification ASTM D7651 - 10
    Standard Test Method for Gravimetric Measurement of Particulate Concentration of Hydrogen Fuel
Scope This test method is primarily intended for gravimetric determination of particulates in hydrogen intended as a fuel for fuel cell or internal combustion engine powered vehicles. This test method describes operating and quality control procedures required to obtain data of known quality satisfying the requirements of SAE J2719 and the California Code of Regulations, Title 4, Division 9, Chapter 6, Article 8, Sections 4180 – 4181. The levels of precision and accuracy stated. This test method can be applied to other gaseous samples requiring determination of particulates provided the user’s data quality objectives are satisfied.

Status Published. Available from www.astm.org.

Under review, 2015.
Contact JP Hsu

Identification ASTM D7652 - 11
    Standard Test Method for Determination of Trace Hydrogen Sulfide, Carbonyl Sulfide, Methyl Mercaptan,
    Carbon Disulfide and Total Sulfur in Hydrogen Fuel by Gas Chromatography and Sulfur
Chemiluminescence
    Detection
Scope This test method describes a procedure primarily for the determination of hydrogen sulfide, carbonyl sulfide, methyl mercaptan, and carbon disulfide (Table 1) in hydrogen fuels for fuel cell vehicles (FCV) by gas chromatograph with sulfur chemiluminescence detection. The reporting limit is 0.02 ppbv (nanomole per mole as volume), based upon the analysis of a 500 mL hydrogen sample. The procedures described in this method were designed to satisfy sulfur contaminant determination requirements contained in SAE TIRJ2719 and the California Code of Regulations, CFR , Title 4, Division 9, Chapter 6, Article 8, Sections 4180 – 4181.

Status Published. Available from www.astm.org.

Under review, 2015.
Contact JP Hsu

Identification ASTM D7653 - 10
    Standard Test Method for Determination of Trace Gaseous Contaminants in Hydrogen Fuel by Fourier Transform
    Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy
Scope This test method employs an FTIR gas analysis system for the determination of trace impurities in gaseous hydrogen fuels relative to the hydrogen fuel quality limits described in SAE TIR J2719 (April 2008) or in hydrogen fuel quality standards from other governing bodies. This FTIR method is used to quantify gas phase concentrations of multiple target contaminants in hydrogen fuel either directly at the fueling station or on an extracted sample that is sent to be analyzed elsewhere. Multiple contaminants can be measured simultaneously as long as they are in the gaseous phase and absorb in the infrared wavelength region. The detection limits as well as specific target contaminants for this standard were selected based upon those set forth in SAE TIR J2719.

Status Published. Available from www.astm.org.

Undergoing Inter Laboratory Study (ILS) to establish precision, and verify that all laboratories can use method for accurate results.

Under review, 2015.


Contact Barbara Marshik-Geurts

Identification

ASTM D7675-2015

    Test Method for the Determination of Total
    Hydrocarbons in Hydrogen by FID Based Total
    Hydrocarbon (THC) Analyzer

Scope This test method describes a procedure for total hydrocarbons (THC) measurement in hydrogen intended as a fuel for fuel cells on a C1 Basis. Total Hydrocarbons on a C1 basis is an analytical technique where total carbon is determined and all of the hydrocarbons are assumed to have the same response as Methane. Sensitivity from 0.1 part per million (ppm, µmole/mole) up to 1000 parts per million (ppm, µmole/mole) concentration are achievable. Higher concentrations can be analyzed using appropriate dilution techniques. This test method can be applied to other gaseous samples requiring analysis of trace constituents provided an assessment of potential interferences has been accomplished.
Status Published 2011. Revised and re-issues on 2015.

Available from
www.astm.org

Contact JP Hsu / Richard Frisch

Identification ASTM D7892-15
    Test Method for Determination of Total Organic Halides, Total Non-Methane Hydrocarbons and Formaldehyde in Hydrogen Fuel by Gas Chromatography (GC) and Mass Spectrometry (MS)
Scope

The gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) procedure described in this method is used to determine concentrations of total organic halides and total non-methane hydrocarbons (TNMHC) by measurement of individual target halocarbons (Table 1) and hydrocarbons (including formaldehyde, Table 1 and Table 2), respectively. Measurement of these substances is required for application of SAE J2719 to hydrogen fuel quality where this fuel is intended for use in fuel cell vehicles. SAE 2719 states hydrogen fuel is expected to contain less than 0.05 µmole/mole total halogenates (including organic halides), 2 µmole/mole total non-methane hydrocarbons (C1 Basis, 3.2.16) and 0.01 µmole/mole formaldehyde       

Status Published 2015.  Available at www.astm.org
Contact JP Hsu
Contact JP Hsu / Richard Frisch

Identification

ASTM D7941/7941M-14

    Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Purity Analysis Using a Continuous Wave Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy Analyzer
Scope This test method describes contaminant determination in fuel cell grade hydrogen as specified in relevant ASTM and ISO standards using cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS). This standard test method is for the measurement of one or multiple contaminate including, but not limited to, water, oxygen, methane, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, ammonia and formaldehyde.
Status Published. Available from www.astm.org

Identification ASTM WK23815
    New Test Method for Standard Screening Method for Organic Halides Contained in Hydrogen or Other Gaseous Fuels
Scope This test method describes the determination of total halocarbon content of gaseous fuels using electron capture detection. Although primarily intended for determining halocarbons in hydrogen used as a fuel for fuel cell or internal combustion engine-powered vehicles, this test method can also be used to measure halocarbons in other gaseous fuels and gaseous matrices. The procedures described in this test method were designed to satisfying halocarbon determination requirements contained in SAE J2719 and the California Code of Regulations, Title 4, Division 9, Chapter 6, Article 8, Sections 41804181. 1.2 Mention of tradenames in this test method does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use. Other manufacturers of equipment or equipment models can be used. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. These procedures described in this test method were designed to satisfy halocarbon determination requirements contained in SAE J2719 and the California Code of Regulations, Title 4, Division 9, Chapter 6, Article 8, Sections 4180 4181. No other standard test methods exist.

Status In ballot process that close on May 29, 2017.
Contact Daniel Bartel

Identification ASTM WK48876
    Test Method for Standard Test Method for the Determination of Hydrogen Weight Dispensing from Hydrogen Fueling Stations
Scope  
Status Document will require a re-ballot after negative comments are addressed.
Contact JP Hsu